Duration

1 Day

Max. people

8

Pick up

A private car/minibus

Kom-Ombo Edfu El-Kabb and Esna

If you are already in Aswan and going to Luxor you can take an excursion with us by visiting the temples along the way and private tombs between Aswan and Luxor to visit. We will then visit the temples of Kom-ombo,

Edfu and Esna visits and the private tombs of the Governors of Necheb in El-kab.Kom-Ombo Edfu El-Kabb and Esna

We will pick you up at 6 in the morning and U will be given an ontbox.

First we visit the double temple in Kom-Ombo.

This temple on a protruding rocky point on Nile.

This is located on an excellent rocky outcrop on the Nile.

The legend about the temple of Kom-Ombo

The temple of Kom-Ombo, located 50 km north of Aswan.

Kom-Ombo, means hill of gold. Kom is hill and ombo comes from Nbo which is Nubian for gold and here used to be gold mines.

This temple double temple and dedicated to two gods.

The god with the crocodile head Sobek, and the god with his falcon head Horus. But in this temple, he is called Haruris and is an older form of the god Horus.

People worshipped animals in the form of a god. This does not mean that they worshiped the animals themselves.

They took only the image of the animal and made it in the form of a god.Kom-Ombo Edfu El-Kabb and Esna

Why is it that crocodiles were worshiped here.

Aswan is 50 km south of Kom-ombo and this city is located on the first cataract which consists of huge granite blocks lying in the middle of the river.
So they block the Nile flow, so it was only during the rainy season when the water rose between 28 and 36 meters high.
Only at this point could the Crocodiles continue to swim north.

It was a long and hectic 50-km trek they had to go through.

By land was not possible because everywhere the banks were too high to get out.
Then when they could finally land they attacked everything, they were tired and hungry and ate them for legs came animals, birds and also some people.
So the people who lived in Kom-Ombo had to come up with something for this problem.

So they turned the crocodile into a god named Sobek, and they built a temple in his honor and held a huge feast for him every year.
They made many sacrifices every day, in return asking for a protected life and protection for the other crocodiles.
But they were not happy about it, because the ancient Egyptians saw the crocodile as a symbol of bad things,

and it is not good for people to worship an evil person in a temple.
So something had to be figured out to solve this problem.

Kom-Ombo Edfu El-Kabb and Esna They borrowed from the temple of Edfu the god Horus the avenger and brought him to Kom-Ombo.

His name and his form were slightly changed, and there was Horus-the Elder, and a temple was also built for him to share with the dangerous crocodile god.

The Ancient Egyptians gave Horus four forms like Horus the avenger in Edfu, in Kom-Ombo,
Horus the Elder, in Philea Horus the Baby and in Dendera Horus the Child.
The temple is a unique temple, it is actually 2 temples one half is for Sobek and the other half for Haroeris.

Then we drive to Edfu where this is second largest temple in Egypt except for that of the temple of Karnak.

The temple is dedicated to the Falcon-god Horus of vengeance.

The Horus temple at Edfu

Edfu is considered one of the oldest cities in Egypt. Edfu was the 3rd province in ancient times and the 1st name was Behedet then it became Etbo and then Edfu which means“the city of vengeance.”

The Temple of Horus is located on the west bank of the Nile.

temple is the second largest temple in Egypt after the temple of Karnak but also one of the best-preserved temples.

inscriptions are very important and give us an enormous amount of information about language the myths and religion in Greco-Roman times.
Construction started in 237 b. Chr., during the reign of Ptolemy III and was completed in 57 B.C.

Chr. under Ptolemy XII
The temple was built on an older smaller temple, which was also dedicated to Horus but dates back to the New Kingdom and had been built by Ramses I, Seti I and Ramses II.

Over the centuries, the temple became buried under the sand to a depth of 12 meters that the river brought with it from the floods.

It was discovered in 1860 by French archaeologist Auguste Mariette and took 43 years to remove all the sand.Kom-Ombo Edfu El-Kabb and Esna
The Temple of Horus is the best preserved temple and is built of sandstone.
Edfu temple has the traditional elements of an Egyptian temple of the New Kingdom, along with some Greek elements such as the

Mamisi which means“the house of divine birth

The reason the temple was built here is because this is where Horus won his victory over his uncle Seth and sent him into the desert.

What we are standing in front of now is the pylon of the temple, these are 2 large towers and you can see in each of the towers are 2 grooves these are flag masts one for Edfu and one for the god Horus.
What is between the two towers, which is a window of appearances.

This is where the king came to wave to the the people when the people came here when there was a feast.

Under the window of appearances is an important relief namely the winged solar disc of Re.

The worship of Horus the Avenger and the of Re the great Forgiver.
On the pylon, Horus the Avenger stands as a great warrior with prisoners brought back from war.

The king holds them by the hair in 1 hand.

And stands ready to strike them and offer them to Horus and his wife Hathor.

The king wears the white crown of Upper Egypt on one side and the Red crown of Lower Egypt on the other tower. Thus he confirmed that he is king of Upper and Lower Egypt.

The private graves of El-Kabb

These New Kingdom governors’ tombs are right across the road from the ancient Necheb (Hierakonpolis),

Necheb is one of the oldest places in Egypt where the palette of king

Narmer is found he was the first king from the 1st dynasty who made the 2 countries Upper and Lower Egypt 1 country.

He also founded the new capital city of Memphis. Memphis means White-walls. You can visit four graves here.

Governor Paheri

He was governor of Nechen during the reign of Thutmose III.

But he was also the grandson of Ahmose son of Ebana EK05 and scribe, and priest of the goddess Nekhbet. And he oversaw the construction of his grandfather’s tomb.

The tomb is 4 meters long and 3.5 meters wide unfortunately it is badly damaged there were prayers and hymns on the walls depicted to Amon-Re and other gods.

There is a picture here that Pahari is sitting with the king’s son on his lap.

Unfortunately, this tomb is very damaged by the huge amount of graffiti scratched on the walls by visitors from the 18th and 19th centuries.

Viceroy Setau

He was Viceroy of Nubia in the second half of the reign of Ramses II. And also Ramses’ best friend.

He is also the one who built the temple in the Wady-es Seboea and left a long biographical text there. There are also 11 steles of his found here that are now in the museum in Cairo

And he had the temple of Gerf Hussein built.

Ahmose son of Ebana

In Ahmose’s tomb, a whole biography was put on the wall of his tomb about his life and when he was in the army.

He was there when the Hyksos, a foreign people who ruled Egypt in the 2nd intermediate period were expelled.

Ahmose served in the Egyptian army under the kings, Ahmose l, Amenhotep l, and Thutmose l, his autobiography has survived and is intact on the wall of his tomb, in El-Kab.

Ahmose was born in the city of Nekheb, modern-day El-Kab.

During the war to drive the Hyksos out of Egypt during the reign of Seqenenre Tao II, his father had joined the navy, Ahmose began serving as a soldier under King Ahmose.

He participated in the battle of Avaris (the Hyksos capital in the Nile Delta), where he killed two Hyksos and was twice awarded the Gold of Courage designation. The king rewarded Ahmose with slaves and other loot after the defeat of Avaris.

Ahmose also participated in the three-year siege of Sharuhen in southern Canaan for which he was rewarded.Kom-Ombo Edfu El-Kabb and Esna

He followed his king to Nubia where they put down three rebellions.

Under Amenhotep, he fought against the Nubians and received gold and slaves for his prowess.

During the reign of Thutmose I, Ahmose participated in a naval campaign against Nubian tribes in the Nile Valley and was appointed admiral. He also accompanied Thutmose I on a campaign against Naharin all the way to the Euphrates River.

Ebana was the name of Ahmose’s mother (and probably a very important woman) the name of his father was Baba.

Governor Renni

Renni was governor in El-Kab during the reign of Amenhotep I at the beginning of the 18th dynasty.

He was a priest of Necheb.

The temple of Esna dedicated to the god Chnum the god with the ram’s head.

The ancient Egyptians called Esna Ta-Senet, and they dedicated the temple to Chnum, the creative god who is often depicted behind his potter’s table.

they worship him with his wife Menheyet, a small goddess with a lioness head.

But he is also dedicated to other gods such as Neith, Satis, Heka. The temple was built in the Ptolemaic/Roman period.

The temple originally had the same building plan as the temples of Edfu and Dendera.

But all that remains of it is the hypostyle hall.

After this, we will drive to Luxor and transfer you to your hotel.

 

The entire excursion day will be accompanied by employees of egypte4allreizen (Dutch, Italian or English-speaking guides).

 

The price for the excursion is:

  • 1 person 200 €
  • 2 persons 155 € p.p.
  • 3/8 persons 125 € p.p.

All prices are subject to change.

 

Tickets to the monuments for children

– Children up to 6 years old free.

– Children from 6 to 12 years of age pay from 50%

 

egypt4allreizenis not liable for theft and or accidents. But we will be at your side to solve the problem.

A 50% deposit is required when booking excursions.

Copyright 2024 © egypte4allreizen.com

None of these excursions may be used by third parties. Unless permission is requested from egypte4allreizen.com.

Included/Excluded

  • Transportation from Aswan to Luxor
  • Tickets
  • 1x Lunch (coffee, tea soft drinks and other drinks not included)
  • For the road, there is a bottle of water and a can of Coke per person.
  • Tips for the driver and guide
  • Personal expenses
  • Snacks and drinks for the bus on the way back

Tour Plan

The legend about the temple of Kom-Ombo

The temple of Kom-Ombo, located 50 km north of Aswan. Kom-Ombo, means hill of gold. Kom is hill and ombo comes from Nbo which is Nubian for gold and here used to be gold mines.

This temple doubles as a temple and dedicated to two gods. The god with the crocodile head Sobek, and the god with his falcon head Horus. But in this temple, he is called Haruris and is an older form of the god Horus. People worshipped animals in the form of a god. This does not mean that they worshiped the animals themselves. They took only the image of the animal and made it in the form of a god.

Why is it that crocodiles were worshiped here. Aswan is 50 km south of Kom-ombo and this city is located on the first cataract which consists of huge granite blocks lying in the middle of the river.
So they block the Nile flow, so it was only during the rainy season when the water rose between 28 and 36 meters high.
Only at this point could the Crocodiles continue to swim north. It was a long and hectic 50-km trek they had to go through. By land was not possible because everywhere the banks were too high to get out.
Then when they could finally land they attacked everything, they were tired and hungry and ate them for legs came animals, birds and also some people.
So the people who lived in Kom-Ombo had to come up with something for this problem.

So they turned the crocodile into a god named Sobek, and they built a temple in his honor and held a huge feast for him every year.
They made many sacrifices every day, in return asking for a protected life and protection for the other crocodiles.
But they were not happy about it, because the ancient Egyptians saw the crocodile as a symbol of bad things, and it is not good for people to worship a bad person in a temple.
So something had to be figured out to solve this problem.
They borrowed from the temple of Edfu the God Horus the avenger and brought him to Kom-Ombo. His name and his form were slightly changed, and there was Horus-the Elder, and a temple was also built for him to share with the dangerous crocodile god. The Ancient Egyptians gave Horus four forms like Horus the avenger in Edfu, in Kom-Ombo,
Horus the Elder, in Philea Horus the Baby and in Dendera Horus the Child.
The temple is a unique temple, it is actually 2 temples one half is for Sobek and the other half for Haroeris.

The Horus temple at Edfu

Edfu is considered one of the oldest cities in Egypt. Edfu was the 3rd province in ancient times and the 1st name was Behedet then it became Etbo and then Edfu which means"the city of vengeance''. The Temple of Horus is located on the west bank of the Nile.

The temple is the second largest temple in Egypt after the Temple of Karnak but also one of the best-preserved temples. The temple is dedicated to the falcon god Horus.
The inscriptions are very important and give us an enormous amount of information about the language the myths and religion in Greco-Roman times.
Construction started in 237 b. Chr., during the reign of Ptolemy III and was completed in 57 B.C. Chr., under Ptolelmy XII.
The temple was built on an older smaller temple, which was also dedicated to Horus but dates back to the New Kingdom and had been built by Ramses I, Seti I and Ramses II.

Over the centuries, the temple became buried under the sand to a depth of 12 meters that the river brought with it from the floods.
Discovered in 1860 by French archaeologist Auguste Mariette, it took 43 years to remove all the sand.
The Temple of Horus is the best preserved temple and is built of sandstone.
The Edfu temple has the traditional elements of a New Kingdom Egyptian temple along with some Greek elements such as the Mamisi which means"the house of divine birth."
The reason the temple was built here is because this is where Horus won his victory over his uncle Seth and sent him into the desert.

What we are standing in front of now is the pylon of the temple, these are 2 large towers and you can see in each of the towers are 2 grooves these are flag masts one for Edfu and one for the god Horus.
What is between the two towers, which is a window of appearances. This is where the king came to wave to the the people when the people came here when there was a feast. Under the window of appearances is an important relief namely the winged solar disc of Re. The worship of Horus the Avenger and the of Re the great Forgiver.
On the pylon, Horus the Avenger stands as a great warrior with prisoners brought back from war. The king holds them by the hair in 1 hand. And stands ready to strike them and offer them to Horus and his wife Hathor. The king wears the white crown of Upper Egypt on one side and the Red crown of Lower Egypt on the other tower. Thus he confirmed that he is king of Upper and Lower Egypt.

The private graves of El-Kabb

These governors tombs from the New Kingdom are right opposite the ancient Necheb (Hierakonpolis) on the other side of the road, Necheb is one of the oldest places in Egypt where the palette of King Narmer was found he was the first king from the 1st dynasty who made one country out of the 2 countries Upper and Lower Egypt. He also founded the new capital city of Memphis. Memphis means White-walls. You can visit four graves here.

Governor Paheri

He was governor of Nechen during the reign of Thutmose III.

But he was also the grandson of Ahmose son of Ebana EK05 and scribe, and priest of the goddess Nekhbet. And he oversaw the construction of his grandfather's tomb.

The tomb is 4 meters long and 3.5 meters wide unfortunately it is badly damaged there were prayers and hymns on the walls depicted to Amon-Re and other gods.

There is a picture here that Pahari is sitting with the king's son on his lap.

Unfortunately, this tomb is very damaged by the huge amount of graffiti scratched on the walls by visitors from the 18th and 19th centuries.

Viceroy Setau

He was Viceroy of Nubia in the second half of the reign of Ramses II. And also Ramses' best friend.

He is also the one who built the temple in the Wady-es Seboea and left a long biographical text there. There were also 11 steles of his found here that are now in the museum in Cairo.

And he had the temple of Gerf Hussein built.

Ahmose son of Ebana

In Ahmose's tomb, a whole biography was put on the wall of his tomb about his life and when he was in the army.

He was there when the Hyksos, a foreign people who ruled Egypt in the 2nd intermediate period were expelled.

Ahmose served in the Egyptian army under the kings, Ahmose l, Amenhotep l, and Thutmose l, his autobiography has survived and is intact on the wall of his tomb, in El-Kab.

Ahmose was born in the city of Nekheb, modern-day El-Kab. During the war to drive the Hyksos out of Egypt during the reign of Seqenenre Tao II, his father had joined the navy, Ahmose began serving as a soldier under King Ahmose. He participated in the battle of Avaris (the Hyksos capital in the Nile Delta) where he killed two Hyksos and was twice awarded the Gold of Courage designation. Ahmose received slaves and other loot from the king after Avaris was defeated. Ahmose also participated in the three-year siege of Sharuhen in southern Canaan for which he was rewarded.

He followed his king to Nubia where they put down three rebellions. Under Amenhotep, he fought against the Nubians and received gold and slaves for his prowess. During the reign of Thutmose I, Ahmose participated in a naval campaign against Nubian tribes in the Nile Valley and was appointed admiral, he also followed Thutmose I on a campaign against Naharin all the way to the Euphrates River.

Ebana was the name of Ahmose's mother (and probably a very important woman) the name of his father was Baba.

Governor Renni

Renni was governor in El-Kab during the reign of Amenhotep I at the beginning of the 18th dynasty.

He was a priest of Necheb.

After this, we will drive to Luxor and transfer you to your hotel.

Tour Map

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