Kom-el-Shouqafa, The Tombs of El-Wardian, The Serapeum at Alexandria, Roman Theater, Villa of the Birds Alexandria, Lighthouse of Alexandria and the Citadel, Library of Alexandria, and Stanley Bridge.

Duration

1 Day

Max. people

8

Pick up

A private car /minibus

Alexandria from Cairo

You will be picked up from your hotel at 5 hours from Cairo and 6 hours from Giza.

Today we visit Alexandria, the city founded by Alexander the Great in 332 BC.

BC and also the city where Queen Cleopatra lived and ruled. It is the 2nd largest city in Egypt and also has a large port.

Alexandria is located on the Mediterranean Sea and has a European appearance.

The city emerged solely during Egypt’s subjugation to the Macedonian king Alexander the Great

The monuments in the city are therefore from that time.

Kom-el-Shouqafa

We begin our city tour at Kom el Shouqafa, catacombs located near the Serapeum.

They date from the 2nd century AD and they are rock tombs.

paintings are Greco-Roman Egyptian but the Egyptian style is predominant.

The Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa: one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World from the Greco-Roman period in Egypt.

The Tombs of El-Wardian

Just outside the entrance to the Kom-el-Shoqafa catacombs are 2 other graves in the garden, these are the graves of El-Wardian No.

 

transferred to the Kom El-Shoqafa archaeological site in the museum development and restoration project.

Originally, the two graves formed part of Alexandria’s western cemetery known as “the city of the dead.

Both tombs were discovered by Evaristo Breccia in the Al-Wardian site in the first decade of the 20th century.

where they were carved into the rock and there are walls decorated with paintings.

Tomb G990 dates back to the Ptolemaic era and consists of a burial chamber with a vaulted ceiling with remains of colors.

The walls feature decorative geometric characters, and it contains a sarcophagus with a headrest.

goes back to the Roman Period and the burial chamber has two pillared columns with pillar crown and a semicircular ceiling.Alexandria from Cairo

The Serapeum near Alexandria

Ptolemy I constructed this, and Pompey’s Pillar is part of the Serapeum dedicated to the god Serapis. The entire serapeum was destroyed in 391 AD. Several remains, such as the sphinxes, a large scarab, and the pillar, remain.

Serapeum is the Latin name for a temple, or other religious building, dedicated to the god Serapis.

Roman theater

The Roman theater was discovered in 1964, and it dates back to the 2nd century AD. Initially constructed for musical performances, it later served as a venue for religious gatherings in the 6th century AD

The word Kom El Dekka, in Arabic, means the hill of rubble or the hill of banks.

A famous historian, El Neweir, mentioned it after passing through this area at the beginning of the 20th century.

El Neweir saw the many piles of rubble and sand formed by the digging of the Mahmoudiya Canal in the late 19th century.

which connected Alexandria with the Nile River, and these stacks looked exactly like a pair of huge banks and it was he who gave the area its recent famous name.

The Roman Amphitheater of Alexandria was discovered by pure chance in the year 1960.

When workers went to remove a pile of dust and sand in 1960 to clear the land for the construction of a government building.

they found some massive iron columns, indicating that something may have been buried underneath.

Villa of the Birds Alexandria

To the north of the Roman theatre lies the Villa of the Birds, characterized by large mud brick structures. These ruins represent the remains of the Roman baths constructed near the amphitheater during the period from the 2nd to the 4th century AD

Located east of the Roman Amphitheater of Alexandria.

Recent excavation missions have unearthed a Roman villa dating from the period of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who ruled Egypt and a great empire in the 2nd century AD.

The archaeologists who discovered this villa called it; “the Villa of the Birds” because of the beautiful mosaic floor in the main room of the structure that shows many birds in different forms such as a Parrot and moorhen peacocks pigeons.

The Villa of the Birds represents the finest example of private houses built in Alexandria during the Roman period. Unfortunately, the house itself was destroyed by fire

Alexandria Lighthouse and Citadel

The Citadel is located at the entrance to the eastern harbor on the eastern tip of Pharos Island.

And was built on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The lighthouse continued to function until the time of the Arab conquest, after which several disasters occurred and the shape of the lighthouse was slightly changed, but still continued to function.
Restoration started in the period of Ahmed Ibn Tulun 880 AD. In the 11th century an earthquake occurred that damaged the octagonal part.Alexandria from Cairo

The bottom survived, but it could only serve as a watchtower, and a small mosque was built on top.

A very destructive earthquake in the 14th century resulted in the complete destruction of the entire building

Library of Alexandria.

During the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II 605 – 562 BC. There was a great library in Babylon.

In Greece, the Athenian tyrant Peisistratos would die in the sixth century BC. founded the first large public library.

From this mixed heritage of both Greek and Near Eastern book collections came the idea for the Library of Alexandria.

The old library burned down under Caesar. The library is the most famous in the world.

In 2002, Alexandria received a new library, constructed with the assistance of UNESCO, with an area of approximately

of 45000 m2. The Great Library in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most important libraries of antiquity.Alexandria from Cairo

The library belonged to a larger research institution called the Mouseion, which dedicated itself to the Muses, the nine goddesses of the arts.

Demetrius of Phalerum, an exiled Athenian statesman residing in Alexandria, may have suggested the concept of a universal library in Alexandria

While Ptolemy I Soter may have drawn up the plans for the library, it was likely not built until the reign of his son, Ptolemy II Philadelphus

Stanley bridge

Stanley Bridge stands as Egypt’s inaugural sea bridge.

Constructed in the late 1990s over Stanley Bay, the bridge stands as a testament to urban development.

Named after the neighborhood where it spans, its significance goes beyond mere infrastructure.

Many hail it as a pivotal element in the revitalization and beautification of Alexandria Beach.

Stanley Bridge is 400 meters long and 30 meters wide, it has four towers designed in the Islamic style.

in addition to the Royal Palace in Al Montazah. The aim of building the bridge was to enlarge the beach of Alexandria.

The entire excursion day will be accompanied by employees of egypte4allreizen (Dutch, Italian or English-speaking guides).

Prices:

  • 1 person 200 €
  • 2 persons €165 p.p
  • 3/8 persons 125 € p.p.

 

Tickets to the monuments for children

– Children up to 6 years old free.
– Children from 6 to 12 years of age pay from 50%

All prices are subject to change.

egypt4allreizenis not liable for theft and or accidents. But we will be at your side to solve the problem.

When booking excursions, a 50% deposit is necessary.

Copyright 2024 © egypte4allreizen.com


Third parties may not use any of these excursions without requesting permission from egypte4allreizen.com.

Included/Excluded

  • Round trip transportation from Cairo to Alexandria
  • Tickets
  • Lunch (coffee, tea soft drinks and other drinks not included)
  • For the road, there is a bottle of water and a can of Coke per person
  • Tips for the driver and guide
  • Additional tickets
  • Personal expenses
  • Snacks and drinks for the bus on the way back
  • Egypt4allreizen is not liable for theft and/or accidents.

Tour Map

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “A day to Alexandria from Cairo”

Your email address will not be published.

Rate Your Satisfaction*

From
125.00
Booking Form
Enquiry Form
1
125.00
62.50
Deposit Option 50% Per item
Available:
Total:
1
125.00
62.50
Min - Max (Persons) Adult Price Children Price
1 - 1 200.00 110.00
2 - 2 165.00 62.50
3 - 8 125.00 62.50

You May Like